Bloom's Taxonomy ( as seen in class)

March 27, 2013 - 11:19am


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 

























Category


Example and Key Words (verbs)


Knowledge: Recall data or information.


Examples: Recite a policy. Quote prices from memory to a customer. Knows the safety rules.


Key Words: defines, describes, identifies, knows, labels, lists, matches, names, outlines, recalls, recognizes, reproduces, selects, states.


Comprehension: Understand the meaning, translation, interpolation, and interpretation of instructions and problems. State a problem in one's own words.


Examples: Rewrites the principles of test writing. Explain in one's own words the steps for performing a complex task. Translates an equation into a computer spreadsheet.


Key Words: comprehends, converts, defends, distinguishes, estimates, explains, extends, generalizes, gives an example, infers, interprets, paraphrases, predicts, rewrites, summarizes, translates.


Application: Use a concept in a new situation or unprompted use of an abstraction. Applies what was learned in the classroom into novel situations in the work place.


Examples: Use a manual to calculate an employee's vacation time. Apply laws of statistics to evaluate the reliability of a written test.


Key Words: applies, changes, computes, constructs, demonstrates, discovers, manipulates, modifies, operates, predicts, prepares, produces, relates, shows, solves, uses.


Analysis: Separates material or concepts into component parts so that its organizational structure may be understood. Distinguishes between facts and inferences.


Examples: Troubleshoot a piece of equipment by using logical deduction. Recognize logical fallacies in reasoning. Gathers information from a department and selects the required tasks for training.


Key Words: analyzes, breaks down, compares, contrasts, diagrams, deconstructs, differentiates, discriminates, distinguishes, identifies, illustrates, infers, outlines, relates, selects, separates.


Synthesis: Builds a structure or pattern from diverse elements. Put parts together to form a whole, with emphasis on creating a new meaning or structure.


Examples: Write a company operations or process manual. Design a machine to perform a specific task. Integrates training from several sources to solve a problem. Revises and process to improve the outcome.


Key Words: categorizes, combines, compiles, composes, creates, devises, designs, explains, generates, modifies, organizes, plans, rearranges, reconstructs, relates, reorganizes, revises, rewrites, summarizes, tells, writes.


Evaluation: Make judgments about the value of ideas or materials.


Examples: Select the most effective solution. Hire the most qualified candidate. Explain and justify a new budget.


Key Words: appraises, compares, concludes, contrasts, criticizes, critiques, defends, describes, discriminates, evaluates, explains, interprets, justifies, relates, summarizes, supports.


 

 


 


 



 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


Bloom's Taxonomy's
Model Questions and Key Words



Based on Bloom's Taxonomy, Developed and Expanded by John Maynard


Editor's Note: Your teachers will most often use this chart when making up questions -- it would be a good idea to become familiar with the terminology yourself. A great study aid.


 


























I. KNOWLEDGE (drawing out factual answers, testing recall and recognition)


who 


where 


describe 


which one 


what 


how 


define 


what is the best one


why 


match 


choose 


how much


when 


select 


omit 


what does it mean


 

 


 





















































II. COMPREHENSION (translating, interpreting and extrapolating)


state in your own words 


classify


which are facts


what does this mean 


judge


is this the same as


give an example 


infer


select the best definition


condense this paragraph 


show


what would happen if


state in one word 


indicate


explain what is happening


what part doesn't fit 


tell


explain what is meant


what expectations are there 


translate


read the graph, table


what are they saying 


select


this represents


what seems to be 


match


is it valid that


what seems likely 


explain


show in a graph, table


which statements support 


represent


demonstrate


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III. APPLICATION (to situations that are new, unfamiliar or have a new slant for students)


predict what would happen if


explain


choose the best statements that apply


identify the results of


judge the effects 


select


what would result


tell what would happen


tell how, when, where, why


tell how much change there would be


 

 


 









































IV. ANALYSIS (breaking down into parts, forms)


distinguish


what is the function of 


identify


what's fact, opinion 


what assumptions


what statement is relevant


what motive is there


related to, extraneous to, not applicable


what conclusions


what does author believe, assume


make a distinction


state the point of view of


what is the premise


state the point of view of


what ideas apply


what ideas justify conclusion


what's the relationship between


the least essential statements are


what's the main idea, theme


what inconsistencies, fallacies


what literary form is used


what persuasive technique


implicit in the statement is


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 

 


 




























V. SYNTHESIS (combining elements into a pattern not clearly there before)


create


how would you test


make up


-tell


propose an alternative


compose


make


solve the following


formulate


do


plan


how else would you


choose


design


state a rule


develop


 

 


 


















VI. EVALUATION (according to some set of criteria, and state why)


appraise 


what fallacies, consistencies, inconsistencies appear


judge 


which is more important, moral, better, logical, valid, appropriate


criticize 


find the errors


defend 


compare